The power drill is one of the most popular and versatile power tools. Thanks to a host of improvements in its design, today’s drills have many more functions than just drilling holes. Most have variable speed and reverse, making them convenient for driving and removing screws, nuts, and bolts, as well as for drilling, sanding,… Read More »


1. Coarse wood-cutting blade 2. Hollowground blade for smooth wood cuts 3. Metal-cutting blade 4. Scroll-cut blade for tight curves 5. Knife blade for leather, vinyl 6. Flush-cut blade The jigsaw is a very good portable power tool for cutting curves and internal cutouts. The cutting capacity of a jigsaw depends on its power and… Read More »

Planes and Surface-Forming Rasps

Planes are designed for removing shavings of material from lumber when a saw would cut off too much material and sanding would remove too little. A hand plane consists of a razor-sharp cutting blade, or iron, set in a steel or wood base. Adjusting the blade requires some trial and error. After making an adjustment,… Read More »


Common screwdrivers include: slot screwdriver with insulated handle, Phillips screwdriver with insulated handle and oxide tip for better control, spiral ratchet driver with interchangeable bits, offset screwdriver for driving in tight places, and cordless power screwdriver with battery pack and pivoting shaft. Every carpenter should own several Phillips and slotted screwdrivers. Even though the drill-mounted… Read More »


A hammer is not a one-size-fits-all tool. For most homeowners, a finishing hammer with a claw will be the hammer most often used, but it’s beneficial to have on hand a mallet, sledgehammer, and large framing hammer if you will be tackling large carpentry projects. The standard hammer is a 16-ounce, curved-claw finish hammer. It… Read More »